MRI Findings Associated with Recalled Modular Femoral Neck Rejuvenate and ABG Implants

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MARS-MRI is suggested for the diagnosis of adverse local tissue reactions (ALTR) in patients with recalled femoral stems with modular necks, but there has been no major study looking at MARS-MRI findings in this population. A retrospective review was performed on 312 patients who received a modular neck hip implant between October 2007 and February 2012. 62% of patients had intra-articular effusions, with 27% containing debris. Extra-capsular effusions were present in 35% of hips. 54% had synovitis and 5.4% had osteolysis. Tendinopathy and tendon disruption was present in the gluteus medius (58%/12%), hamstring (56%/12%), gluteus minimus (38%/7.7%) and iliopsoas (7.1%/4.8%). Abnormal MARS-MRI findings are associated with modular neck femoral components and can suggest underlying ALTR. MARS-MRI abnormalities merit serious consideration in this population.